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Dow drops more than 500 points as bond yields rise and earnings season gets into full swing

<i>Timothy A. Clary/AFP/Getty Images</i><br/>Wall Street is off to another day in the red at the start of the shortened trading week as investors are grappling with earnings seasons and rising Treasury bond yields
AFP via Getty Images
Timothy A. Clary/AFP/Getty Images
Wall Street is off to another day in the red at the start of the shortened trading week as investors are grappling with earnings seasons and rising Treasury bond yields

By Anneken Tappe, CNN Business

Wall Street had another day in the red at the start of this shortened trading week as investors grapple with earnings seasons and rising Treasury bond yields.

All three major indexes spent the entire day sharply lower. The Dow closed 1.5%, or some 540 points, lower, after falling as many as 650 points at its worst — its worst performance since late November. The broader S&P 500 fell 1.8%.

The Nasdaq Composite ended 2.6% lower. That’s 9.7% below its November record high, putting it within an inch of a correction, which is defined as a 10% drop from the most recent high.

The market was closed on Monday for Martin Luther King Jr. Day.

“The culprit this morning, as it seems to be every day, is interest rates as the yield on the 10-year tops 1.8% and the 2-year yield moved back over 1%,” Paul Hickey of Bespoke Investment Group said in an email to clients.

Both those bonds’ yields haven’t been at similar levels since before the pandemic: For the 10-year it was January 2020 when it last yielded over 1.8%, and the 2-year hasn’t touched more than 1% since February 2020, according to Refinitiv.

“Wall Street has been under pressures too thanks to Fed tightening worries, the jump in rates and worries over slowing growth,” analysts at Action Economics said in their morning note.

The Federal Reserve is rolling back its pandemic stimulus program and expects multiple interest rate hikes this year to rein in rampant inflation.

Wall Street predicts the first rate increase will occur at the central bank’s March meeting, according to the CME FedWatch tool. That would mark exactly two years since the Fed slashed rates to near zero to support the economy through the pandemic.

Then there’s earnings season.

“As last week’s earnings reports revealed, the bottom line and guidance have been adversely impacted by rising expenses,” the Action Economics analysts said. Inflation worries are everywhere.

As earnings season gets under way, investors were disappointed with JPMorgan Chase results on Friday and Goldman Sachs results Tuesday morning.

Both banks’ shares ended sharply lower Tuesday, with JP Morgan down more than 4% and Goldman Sachs falling nearly 7%.

On top of all that, economic data this morning disappointed expectations as the New York Fed’s manufacturing index plummeted 33 points to -0.7. This abrupt turnaround came after 18 months of growth.

“Manufacturing activity was little changed in New York State according to the January survey, suggesting that growth stalled after a period of significant expansion,” the NY Fed said.

But is there reason to worry about the state of the stock market?

“The equity market weakness experienced thus far in 2022 is not unusual,” said Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist at CFRA Research.

In fact, history shows that stocks tend to sell off and correct after a 20+% gain in the preceding calendar year, Stovall said. And if the selloff doesn’t occur right away, it happens later in the year.

“The implication for 2022 is that the current decline has further to fall,” he added.

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